In Svalbard, Norway there is a large seed vault buried over 400 feet into the side of a mountain. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault was created by Conservationist Cary Fowler, in association with the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) in 2008. The vault was built with the intention of saving edible seed and plants for future generations in case the doomsday clock actually does strike zero.
The vault cost $9 million to build and took approximately two years to construct. Storing seeds in the vault is free to end users, with Norway and the Global Crop Diversity Trust paying for operational costs. Primary funding for the Trust comes from such organisations as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and from various governments worldwide.
Way up north, in the permafrost, 1300 kilometers beyond the Arctic Circle, is the world’s largest secure seed storage, opened by the Norwegian Government in February 2008. From all across the globe, crates of seeds are sent here for safe and secure long-term storage in cold and dry rock vaults.The vault is made to be secured and isolated, only to need in case of phenomenal global emergencies. As of 2016 the vault contains more than 850,000 seed samples.
For more information about this amazing scientific feat, see links below: