The inauguration of Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States marked the commencement of the four-year term of Donald Trump as President and Mike Pence as Vice President. A public ceremony was held on Friday, January 20, 2017, on the West Front of the United States Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
The inauguration theme is “Uniquely American”, a phrase that highlights the inaugural ceremony as “a uniquely American expression of our Constitutional system”. The theme also stresses the peaceful transition of power, and that the American people are “united behind an enduring republic”. The inaugural ceremonies held in Washington, D.C., from January 17 to 21, 2017, will include concerts, the swearing-in ceremony, luncheon and parade, inaugural balls, and the interfaith inaugural prayer service. The presidential oath was administered to Trump during his swearing-in ceremony on January 20, 2017, by Chief Justice of the United States John Roberts, and the vice presidential oath of office was administered to Pence by Associate Justice Clarence Thomas. Trump was sworn in on the Lincoln Bible, the same used at the inauguration of Barack Obama, and on Trump’s personal childhood Bible.
At around 8 a.m., Donald and Melania Trump left the President’s Guest House to attend the St. John’s Episcopal Church for morning service, a tradition with every president since James Madison. While entering the church, Melania Trump was first seen wearing a sky-blue dress with a structured shrug and matching gloves, reminiscent of former first lady Jackie Kennedy. Trump’s family and friends, along with his Cabinet nominees, also attended the service.
On his way out of the church, Trump appeared teary-eyed, with a friend of Trump’s recalling: “He was emotional. Can see it hitting him.” After the service, Trump, Pence and their families attended a tea hosted by President Obama and Mrs. Obama on the South Portico of the White House.
At 11:40 a.m, Associate Justice Clarence Thomas swore Mike Pence in as the 48th Vice President of the United States, with Pence’s hand on the Bible of Ronald Reagan. At noon, Trump was sworn into office by Chief Justice John Roberts and became the 45th President of the United States, with his hand on his childhood Bible and the historic Lincoln Bible.
Schedule of events
The schedule of events commenced on January 19 with a wreath-laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery attended by the President-elect and Vice President-elect. A concert titled “Make America Great! Welcome Celebration” was held at the Lincoln Memorial afterwards. The following day will be the inauguration ceremony at the United States Capitol, followed by the parade on Pennsylvania Avenue and the inaugural balls later on. A National Prayer Service will be held on January 21 at the Washington National Cathedral. Donald Trump’s inaugural address was written by Stephen Miller, who was the speechwriter of most of his campaign speeches. The new President and Vice President will also attend several dinners honoring them, and there will be a ball honoring the Armed Forces and first responders.
On December 28, 2016, it was announced that six clergy members would give invocations at the inauguration, including:
Reverend Franklin Graham, president of the Samaritan’s Purse
Timothy Cardinal Dolan, Archbishop of New York
Reverend Dr. Samuel Rodriguez, National Hispanic Christian Leadership Conference
Pastor Paula White, New Destiny Christian Center
Rabbi Marvin Hier, Dean and Founder of the Simon Wiesenthal Center
Bishop Wayne T. Jackson, Great Faith Ministries International
Jackie Evancho, the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, The Rockettes, 3 Doors Down, Sam Moore, Toby Keith, Lee Greenwood, The Piano Guys, DJ Ravidrums, Big & Rich, the Talladega College Tornado Marching Band, and The Frontmen of Country have all been confirmed as performers for various inaugural celebrations.
Former Presidents attending
Presidents Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama, along with their respective wives, the First Ladies, have all confirmed their attendance at Trump’s inauguration, including Hillary Clinton, Trump’s main opponent in the election. George H. W. Bush and Barbara Bush will not attend the inauguration due to health reasons.
Boycotts and Demonstrations
As of mid-December, there were 20 requests for demonstration permits for Donald J. Trump’s inauguration, including Bikers for Trump, and the Women’s March on Washington, scheduled for the day after inauguration day. Supported by nearly 200 activist groups and organizations, the Women’s March is to demonstrate on issues which they perceive to be under threat from a Trump presidency, including racial and gender equality, affordable healthcare, abortion rights and voting rights.
A member of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir resigned in protest because of the LDS Church decision to perform at Donald Trump’s inauguration. The singer, Jan Chamberlin, stated that she felt “betrayed” and that she “simply cannot continue with the recent turn of events.” She stated that the Choir is “endorsing tyranny and fascism by singing for this man”. More than 35,000 people have signed an online petition disagreeing with the Mormon Tabernacle Choir’s decision to perform at the inauguration. According to the organizer of the campaign, most of the signatures are from members of the LDS church.
A number of artists who were approached to perform at the inauguration refused; these include Celine Dion, Charlotte Church, Elton John, Moby, Rebecca Ferguson, Garth Brooks, Andrea Bocelli, and Kiss declined offers to perform at the inauguration. On January 15, Jennifer Holliday pulled out of the ceremony due to gay rights issues with the incoming administration, and apologized to the LGBT community for initially accepting an invitation to perform.
A total of 67 Democratic U.S. Representatives have publicly stated that they will not attend the inauguration of Trump, citing “what they described as his alarming and divisive policies, foreign interference in his election and his criticism of civil rights icon John Lewis, a congressman from Georgia.” Members who have said that they will skip the ceremonies are:
Alma Adams of North Carolina
Karen Bass of California
Don Beyer of Virginia
Earl Blumenauer of Oregon
Brendan Boyle of Pennsylvania
Anthony G. Brown of Maryland
G. K. Butterfield of North Carolina
Mike Capuano of Massachusetts
Tony Cárdenas of California
Joaquín Castro of Texas
Judy Chu of California
Katherine Clark of Massachusetts
Yvette Clarke of New York
Lacy Clay of Missouri
Steve Cohen of Tennessee
Gerry Connolly of Virginia
John Conyers of Michigan
Peter DeFazio of Oregon
Mark DeSaulnier of California
Lloyd Doggett of Texas
Michael F. Doyle of Pennsylvania
Keith Ellison of Minnesota
Adriano Espaillat of New York
Dwight Evans of Pennsylvania
Marcia Fudge of Ohio
Ruben Gallego of Arizona
Al Green of Texas
Raúl Grijalva of Arizona
Luis Gutiérrez of Illinois
Alcee Hastings of Florida
Jared Huffman of California
Pramila Jayapal of Washington
Barbara Lee of California
John Lewis of Georgia
Ted Lieu of California
Dan Lipinski of Illinois
Zoe Lofgren of California
Alan Lowenthal of California
Grace Meng of New York
Donald McEachin of Virginia
Jerry McNerney of California
Jerrold Nadler of New York
Grace Napolitano of California
Donald Payne Jr. of New Jersey
Chellie Pingree of Maine
Mark Pocan of Wisconsin
Mike Quigley of Illinois
Jamie Raskin of Maryland
Lucille Roybal-Allard of California
Raul Ruiz of California
Jan Schakowsky of Illinois
Kurt Schrader of Oregon
José E. Serrano of New York
Terri Sewell of Alabama
Carol Shea-Porter of New Hampshire
Louise Slaughter of New York
Adam Smith of Washington
Darren Soto of Florida
Mark Takano of California
Bennie Thompson of Mississippi
Juan Vargas of California
Filemon Vela Jr. of Texas
Nydia Velázquez of New York
Maxine Waters of California
Bonnie Watson Coleman of New Jersey
Frederica Wilson of Florida
John Yarmuth of Kentucky
Donald Trumps speech is listed below:
Chief Justice Roberts, President Carter, President Clinton, President Bush, President Obama, fellow Americans and people of the world, thank you.
We, the citizens of America, are now joined in a great national effort to rebuild our country and restore its promise for all of our people. Together we will determine the course of America and the world for many, many years to come.
We will face challenges. We will confront hardships. But we will get the job done. Every four years, we gather on these steps to carry out the orderly and peaceful transfer of power.
And we are grateful to President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama for their gracious aid throughout this transition. They have been magnificent. Thank you.
Today’s ceremony, however, has very special meaning. Because today, we are not merely transferring power from one administration to another or from one party to another.
But we are transferring power from Washington, D.C., and giving it back to you, the people.
For too long, a small group in our nation’s capital has reaped the rewards of government while the people have borne the cost. Washington flourished, but the people did not share in its wealth. Politicians prospered, but the jobs left. And the factories closed.
The establishment protected itself but not the citizens of our country. Their victories have not been your victories. Their triumphs have not been your triumphs. And while they celebrated in our nation’s capital, there was little to celebrate for struggling families all across our land. That all changes starting right here and right now. Because this moment is your moment. It belongs to you.
It belongs to everyone gathered here today and everyone watching all across America. This is your day. This is your celebration. And this, the United States of America, is your country.
What truly matters is not which party controls our government but whether our government is controlled by the people. January 20th, 2017 will be remembered as the day the people became the rulers of this nation again.
The forgotten men and women of our country will be forgotten no longer.
Everyone is listening to you now. You came by the tens of millions to become part of a historic movement, the likes of which the world has never seen before.
At the center of this movement is a crucial conviction — that a nation exists to serve its citizens. Americans want great schools for their children, safe neighborhoods for their families and good jobs for themselves.
These are just and reasonable demands of righteous people and a righteous public. But for too many of our citizens, a different reality exists. Mothers and children trapped in poverty in our inner cities, rusted out factories scattered like tombstones across the landscape of our nation, an education system flush with cash but which leaves our young and beautiful students deprived of all knowledge. And the crime, and the gangs, and the drugs that have stolen too many lives and robbed our country of so much unrealized potential. This American carnage stops right here and stops right now.
We are one nation, and their pain is our pain. Their dreams are our dreams, and their success will be our success. We share one heart, one home and one glorious destiny.
The oath of office I take today is an oath of allegiance to all Americans. For many decades, we’ve enriched foreign industry at the expense of American industry, subsidized the armies of other countries while allowing for the very sad depletion of our military.
We defended other nation’s borders while refusing to defend our own.
And spent trillions and trillions of dollars overseas while America’s infrastructure has fallen into disrepair and decay.
We’ve made other countries rich while the wealth, strength, and confidence of our country has dissipated over the horizon. One by one, the factories shuttered and left our shores with not even a thought about the millions and millions of American workers that were left behind.
The wealth of our middle class has been ripped from their homes and then redistributed all across the world.
But that is the past and now we are looking only to the future.
We assembled here today are issuing a new decree to be heard in every city, in every foreign capital and in every hall of power. From this day forward, a new vision will govern our land. From this day forward, it’s going to be only America first — America first.
Every decision on trade, on taxes, on immigration, on foreign affairs will be made to benefit American workers and American families. We must protect our borders from the ravages of other countries making our products, stealing our companies and destroying our jobs.
Protection will lead to great prosperity and strength. I will fight for you with every breath in my body. And I will never, ever let you down.
America will start winning again, winning like never before.
We will bring back our jobs. We will bring back our borders. We will bring back our wealth, and we will bring back our dreams. We will build new roads and highways and bridges and airports and tunnels and railways all across our wonderful nation. We will get our people off of welfare and back to work rebuilding our country with American hands and American labor. We will follow two simple rules — buy American and hire American.
We will seek friendship and goodwill with the nations of the world.
But we do so with the understanding that it is the right of all nations to put their own interests first. We do not seek to impose our way of life on anyone but rather to let it shine as an example. We will shine for everyone to follow.
We will reinforce old alliances and form new ones. And unite the civilized world against radical Islamic terrorism, which we will eradicate completely from the face of the earth
At the bedrock of our politics will be a total allegiance to the United States of America and through our loyalty to our country, we will rediscover our loyalty to each other. When you open your heart to patriotism, there is no room for prejudice.
The Bible tells us how good and pleasant it is when God’s people live together in unity. We must speak our minds openly, debate our disagreement honestly but always pursue solidarity. When America is united, America is totally unstoppable.
There should be no fear. We are protected, and we will always be protected. We will be protected by the great men and women of our military and law enforcement. And most importantly, we will be protected by God.
Finally, we must think big and dream even bigger. In America, we understand that a nation is only living as long as it is striving. We will no longer accept politicians who are all talk and no action, constantly complaining but never doing anything about it.
The time for empty talk is over. Now arrives the hour of action.
Do not allow anyone to tell you that it cannot be done. No challenge can match the heart and fight and spirit of America. We will not fail. Our country will thrive and prosper again. We stand at the birth of a new millennium, ready to unlock the mysteries of space, to free the earth from the miseries of disease and to harness the energies, industries and technologies of tomorrow. A new national pride will stir ourselves, lift our sights and heal our divisions. It’s time to remember that old wisdom our soldiers will never forget — that whether we are black or brown or white, we all bleed the same red blood of patriots.
We all enjoy the same glorious freedoms, and we all salute the same great American flag.
And whether a child is born in the urban sprawl of Detroit or the windswept plains of Nebraska, they look up at the same night sky, they fill their heart with the same dreams and they are infused with the breath of life by the same Almighty Creator.
So to all Americans in every city near and far, small and large, from mountain to mountain, from ocean to ocean, hear these words — you will never be ignored again.
Your voice, your hopes and your dreams will define our American destiny. And your courage and goodness and love will forever guide us along the way. Together, we will make America strong again. We will make America wealthy again. We will make America proud again. We will make America safe again. And yes, together, we will make America great again. Thank you, God bless you, and God bless America. Thank you. God bless America.